Arofanatics Fish Talk Forums  

Go Back   Arofanatics Fish Talk Forums > General Aquatic Forums > Freshwater Invertebrates Forum > Articles, Resources & FAQs

Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
Old 09-12-2004, 01:45 PM   #1
S|Lv3r SuRf3r
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default Crayfish (aka Freshwater Lobster)

First lets look up the taxanomy of our Crayfish.
I'll go brief and not really into the sub or super classes and orders.

Phylum : Adropoda (Segmented Legs + Hard Outer Shell)
eg. insects, crabs, scorpions

Class : Crustacea

Order : Decapods (10 legged)

Family : Astacidae, Cambaridae (Northern Hemisphere)
Parastacidae (Southern Hemisphere)

Below is an extract from http://tolweb.org showing the distribution of the 3 family.


We will be focusing on Parastacidae as its where our local available Crayfish are from.
Genus : 14 of them, Astacoides, Astacopsis, Euastacus, Gramastacus, Geocherax, Virilastacus, Samastacus, Cherax, Paranephrops, Parastacoides, Tennuibranchiurus, Engaewa, Engaeus, Parastacus

Another extract from http://tolweb.org showing the distribution of Southern Hemisphere Crayfish, Parastacidae

Figure 1. Distribution of the 10 Australian Parastacid genera (from Hobbs 1988). The Tennuibranchiurus and Engaeus are shown only in the second map on the right inset.


Figure 2. Distributions of the remaining Parastacid genera. Note that there is an overlap of Parastacus and Samastacus in central Chile that is not depicted very well in the graphic.
  Reply With Quote
Old 09-12-2004, 02:03 PM   #2
S|Lv3r SuRf3r
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default

From http://tolweb.org

Cherax in 5 sub groups

Destructor Group
Cherax albidus
Cherax destructor


Punctatus Group
Cherax neopunctatus
Cherax depressus
Cherax cairnsensis
Cherax wasselli
Cherax gladstonensis
Cherax glaber
Cherax urospinosus
Cherax robustus
Cherax cartalacoolah
Cherax punctatus
Cherax rotundus


Dispar Group
Cherax cuspidatus
Cherax dispar


Quinquecarinatus Group
Cherax preissii
Cherax plebejus
Cherax glabrimanus
Cherax neocarinatus
Cherax quinquecarinatus
Cherax crassimanus


Quadricarinatus Group
Cherax divergens
Cherax lorentzi
Cherax quadricarinatus
Cherax tenuimanus
Cherax rhynchotus
Cherax monticola
Cherax barretti
Cherax nucifraga
Cherax parvus
  Reply With Quote
Old 09-12-2004, 02:11 PM   #3
S|Lv3r SuRf3r
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default Pics from http://tolweb.org

Some pics from http://tolweb.org by Keith A.Crandall









  Reply With Quote
Old 09-12-2004, 02:16 PM   #4
S|Lv3r SuRf3r
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default ID Guide

Anatomy from http://www.crayfishworld.com



1. Rostral carinae

2. Mandibles

3. Carpus, leads to the main claw ( chela ), the section between the carpus and the main body is the merus. There are five sets of legs on all decapod, simlply ten legs.

4. Carapace

5. On these legs the female gonopore

6. On these legs if male, the male gonopores

7. Spines

8. Somites, there are five sections

9. Eggs, this particular female is in 'berry'.

10. Telsons, once again five sections

by Pierre Horwitz
  Reply With Quote
Old 09-12-2004, 02:20 PM   #5
S|Lv3r SuRf3r
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default Sexing

Sexing Guide from http://www.crayfishworld.com










photos by Chris
  Reply With Quote
Old 09-12-2004, 02:24 PM   #6
S|Lv3r SuRf3r
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default Giants

From http://crayfishworld.com


A decent sized euastacus


30+years old....
  Reply With Quote
Old 10-12-2004, 01:01 AM   #7
S|Lv3r SuRf3r
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default Keeping Crayfish

Selecting A Healthy Crayfish.
Any LFS will carry at least 1 or 2 species of cray fish. The most common tat we see ard are the Reds and the Blues (Cherax quadricarinatus). Both are highly recommended for beginers and can get at $1-$3 a piece. In LFS, the common practice is to keep the crayfish in a crowded plastic tank with probably 1cm depth of water. This allows the crayfish's gills to be sufficiently moist and let them stay alive. This is strongly discourage as its different from the crayfish natural environment and not the best type of surronding we can create for the crayfish. The overcrowding situation plus little water causes stress to the crayfish and for some, eventually death. When chosing a crayfish, make sure that its lively and with complete limbs. To ensure tat one is lively, lower ur hand onto the crayfish. Normal reaction for crayfish is tat they will move back while raising both their pincers in a defensive mood. Some dying or unhealthy crayfish will just lie there without any response. To catch the crayfish, try and approach from its back and hold the end of its carapace with ur tumb and index finger. Choosing complete limbs are as important, expecially the front 2 claws(pincers). Firstly, they require them to catch prey, secondly they need them to protect themselves and thirdly, it look nicer to have them. You might notice tat some hav both pincer pretty small compared to others, or one big one small. This would be due to that it lost one of it before. New grown one are much smaller, yes they do grow back their limbs after moulting. Thus, get ur selected crayfish, and bring home.

Housing Crayfish
A 2'x1' tank is more than sufficient for a couple of crayfish. i always follow this rule, 6 inch square per crayfish. this shld be reasonable for all crayfish below 5". in the tank, provide lots of hiding places. for example if i hav 4 blue crayfish in a 2' tank, i will probably throw in 6 or 7 PVC pipes or lava rocks. When selecting these 'hidding places' ensure tat they are big enough for the whole crayfish to move in and out easily. the last think u want to see is a crayfish stuck in a PVC pipe! Lava rocks in my opinion are very nice and of cos pretty expensive. But my crayfishes like them alot and they look great in my tank. Other than hidding places, strong aeration is needed. its hard to gauge how strong is 'strong', think just give the most tat u can supply it. Filtration wise does not have to put too much effort in it. For me, corner bubble filter work just fine. One think u hav to know is that crayfish are very hardy! But one think to remember is tat they don't do well in acidic water. Crayfish don't require strong lighting as well. Normally, they hunt at night.

Feeding Crayfish
Crayfish take almost anything, yes! Anything. In the wild, they eat the dirt or unwanted organisms. u can feed them with small feeder fishes, sinking pellets and with some veg like small pieces of carrots. Dun ever feed them with feeder shrimps. Shrimps tend to carry certain diseases which are lethal towards crayfish. Wat i do is put in one small pack of feeder mollies and feed Hikari Crab Crusine pellets every night. That is the most expensive pellets u can get for ur crayfish. Ard $4+ per pack of 50g. Feed when u are just about to switch off the aquarium light, cos they hunt at night. but i read somewhere before that the adult crayfish hunt at night, but the young one are more active in day time. Dun really know how ture is this, therefore, i leave small mollies in the tank all the time.

Growing
Crayfish grow by moulting. The shell just behind the carapace(neck) will split open while the crayfish will push itself out of its old shell. Younger crayfish moult more oftenly. New borns the size of a rice moult once every few hours. 1"-2" moult a few times a week. 3"-5" probably once every few weeks. when older, probably once every few months. this is just a rough gauge and it vary from species to species. After moulting, the crayfish will grow quickly before its new shell harden. After every moult, a crayfish can put on as much as 50% of its body's original mass! When a crayfish moult, they become very vulnerable. Some people have the practice of removing those which just moulted just incase other crayfish kill it. Normally, crayfish will eat up its old shell almost immediately after moulting. Some people likes to remove the old shell and keep it. i personally don't encourage this as the old shell are full of calcium which the crayfish needs for healty shell or shorter hardening period. therefore, just let the crayfish recycle its shell.
  Reply With Quote
Old 20-10-2005, 07:17 PM   #8
amiidae
Moderator
 
amiidae's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2004
Posts: 6,963
Rep Power: 8
amiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personalityamiidae is a famous personality
Reputation: 1411
Default

Good link

http://www.fish.wa.gov.au/docs/pub/I...index.php?0308
__________________
MY ALL-NEW --> AMIIDAE.COM BLOG


Last edited by amiidae; 20-10-2005 at 07:23 PM.
amiidae is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-12-2006, 06:00 AM   #9
mibbyblues
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default

great posting of info...
The only thing that I will add from my experiance of many years importing, growing and breeding Walkamin Strain Redclaw is
Water Quality
Water Quality
Water Quality
  Reply With Quote
Old 08-02-2007, 03:20 PM   #10
ivor
Guest
 
Posts: n/a
Default

bros any tips on breeding the common red or blue?? cheers
  Reply With Quote
Reply


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump


All times are GMT +9. The time now is 09:36 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.7
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Copyright 2000-2008 Arofanatics.com (Since 30th August 2000)